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How animals survive in cold weather?

Animals in the wild have a different kind of winter survival strategy than humans do. Animals like bears and deer spend their winters hibernating, while others like wolves or coyotes stay active and hunt for food to eat. Some animals will migrate to warmer climates when it gets too cold, while others find shelter by burrowing underground or under tree bark. Regardless of how they choose to survive the cold weather, all animals know that it’s important to conserve energy during these months when there is less food available.

In the winter, people and pets need to wear warm clothes to keep themselves warm. Chipmunks and cardinals are not so lucky; they can succumb to frostbite just like humans or dogs do when it’s too cold outside. This is something that often happens throughout North America, where opossums’ unfurred tails are common casualties of excessive exposure during frigid weather conditions. 

The unusual occurrence of a colder snap southward in Florida put iguanas at risk for falling out trees, as well as manatees dying due to hypothermia stress on occasion has been witnessed there also. There are several types of animals that live in various regions, and each type of animal behave’s in its way to protect them from cold weather. Some of the methods are described below.

Animals do migrate

Some animals migrate to avoid the cold weather. The polar bears of Alaska will head south when it gets too cold, and many birds do as well- like fly away from North America during colder months, for example. The black bear, on the other hand, has no choice but to hibernate during this time because they can only den in trees.

Animals that do not migrate will search for a shelter

Many animals will stay in the same area and find shelter from the cold weather. The coyote does not need to go anywhere because it is a nocturnal animal that hunts at night and can burrow underground for warmth or under tree bark if they are feeling threatened by the colder temperatures.

Some animals will hibernate

Animals that live in cold areas like polar bears, black bears, and grizzly bears all hibernate during the winter to conserve their energy. This is a common strategy for mammals because they cannot digest food as well when it’s colder outside, but reptiles such as crocodiles or iguanas will not hibernate because they are cold-blooded animals.

Chipmunks and cardinals do not have this luxury of choosing to go into hibernation, so these animals need other methods for survival during the winter months when food is available in less quantity outside. 

The chipmunk burrows underground or under tree bark to provide warmth, and the cardinal will flock together to form their kind of “warmth” in a pine tree. The iguana is a reptile that only lives in warmer areas like Florida, but they do not have any defense against excessive exposure to colder temperatures because they are cold-blooded animals, just like lizards or snakes.

Some animals can adapt

Some animals can adapt their habitats and behaviors to tolerate cold weather. The beaver can alter its body temperature by spraying itself with water, for example- so it can regulate its heat and stay warm during colder months, while other mammals do not because they don’t sweat or shiver as we humans do.

The beaver’s warmer home provides a haven from the cold, and it can also adjust its body temperature by spraying itself with water. The snowshoe hare has this same ability to regulate their heat when they feel threatened or scared because of the colder temperatures outside- so these are animals that survive better in cold weather than other animals.

The harsh winds of winter are starting to blow in, and it’s time for all those animals that don’t have a home yet, or who just want some company during the cold months, to come into our homes looking for warmth.


In conclusion, animals can survive in winter by adapting to the environment. Some of these adaptations are shrinking their bodies and coats, staying active, and eating less food. Other than this, there are other ways that they have adapted, like hibernating or migrating south for warmer climates. Humans also adapt, such as wearing warm clothes or building snow shelters. Animals use these tactics to survive in cold weather so that they may continue with their lives as usual. Hope this article is informative! Thank you for reading this article.

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